How to Hitchhike Safely

“Go hitchhiking? Are you insane? A psychopath will pick me and you will find my body at the bottom of a ditch”

Unfortunately, that is what most travelers think before trying the experience. This is an understandable reaction given the media’s portrayal whenever something bad happens. Don’t get us wrong, there are most certainly risks, but, with common sense and by following some basic guidelines you will see that there are plenty of reasons to try it.

That joyous feeling you experience after you have been waiting on the side of the road for hours is something you won’t understand until you have stood there with your thumb raised yourself.

Hitchhiking through Canada
Hitchhiking through Canada

1. Why Hitchhike

There are plenty of good reasons why you should get out there and raise that thumb into the air. Here are some great reasons why you should give it a go:

You will save money

As a budget traveler, hitchhiking is the ultimate “cheap” way to get around because, for the most part, it’s FREE. Accommodation and transport are most often the two biggest expenses in a travelers’ budget. So any opportunity you have to save some extra cash should always be welcomed as it can make a big difference in the life of a backpacker.

Be aware that there are some countries where it is commonplace to pay a fee to hitch a ride.

You will learn patience

Wrong bus, train delay, missed connection…. sure all these conditions will test your patience at some point or another while traveling, but if you really want to become a guru in the patience department, spend a week trying to hitchhike any significant distance. Standing by the side of the road trying to flag down a ride can be tedious at best. The hours of watching cars pass by will test your patience – this is a good thing!

Technology has created a society of instant gratification. The speed and accessibility of the internet has turned us into impatient, unsocial drones. Hitchhiking forces you to live in the moment, be patient and deal with your surroundings.

It will teach you to be flexible

Unlike a bus or train, you will have no say in the route or the schedule to get to your destination. This teaches you to be flexible and go with the flow. Say you’re in Los Angeles and you want to get to Seattle – one driver might be able to get you as far as Santa Barbara. Do you take that ride or wait for another. That flexibility is in your hands.

It’s an adventure

You never know what will happen next. The driver, the route taken, the progress of the day. When you are hitchhiking you can never be sure where you might end up so you’re going to see places that are most certainly off the beaten track. Quite often the driver turns out to be your own tour guide, pointing out landmarks along the way. The best part, you will have the opportunity to meet lots of locals and always have a good story to tell at the end of the day.

You will learn how to read people

The success of a hitchhiker is entirely based on others. Trust is the foundation of it, for both the hitchhiker and the driver. The more people you meet, the more you will hone your instincts on reading people. You will start to learn how different people react to different situations, sometimes stressful ones. This perception is a great trait to have and can translate easily into your daily life.

2. Before You Take a Ride

Know the laws of the country for which you intend to hitchhike

In some countries the fines can be costly; remember: hitchhiking is supposed to be the cheapest way to travel, not the most expensive one.

Study the area and bring a map

You should be able to take different roads to get to your destination.

Be prepared to hike a mountain

Wear good shoes, bring water and food. Your day on the edge of the road could be a long one so preparation is the key.

Learn a few words of the local language

Drivers generally like to talk with their new passenger.

Know your options of where you might spend the night

Bring a tent as campsites can be a good alternative if you do not.

Do NOT hitchhike during the night!

Wear colorful clothes adapted to the temperature

Some people swear that bright colors with high visibility get you away quicker.

Make a colorful sign that clearly indicates where you want to go

A little humor will go a long way too. Something like “I do not stink” should get a smile from drivers.

3. On the Road – Where Do I Stand?

As with real estate, the most important rule as a hitchhiker is choosing the best location. You need to find a place where you can be seen early.

  • Ask around at your hostel to see where is the best place, you never know, you may end up scoring a lift from someone by simply mentioning it to other travelers. Tourist information centers are another great resource for hitchhikers
  • Do not try to catch a ride from downtown as city drivers are mostly traveling short distances and unwilling to give you a ride. Take public transport to get out of the city center and do not hesitate to ask around to find a good spot
  • Truck stops and gas stations are a good start. It gives you the opportunity to strike a conversation with the driver and build trust
  • The driver must have the time to decide if they want to pick you up. Choose a spot where there is traffic, but not too much
  • If you are in a ghost town, start to walk in the direction you want to go and try to reach the junctions to highways
  • If you are traveling with someone, stand together and make it obvious that you want to stay together

It is important to note that hitchhiking gestures are not all the same worldwide. There are some variations but the universally accepted “thumb up” (as seen below) remains the most common sign.

Hitchhikers gesture

Where possible it is a good idea to try to break the journey into several steps. This will give you a good excuse to get off if you feel uncomfortable with the driver or continue if they end up going further.

Finally, remember to be nice with everyone. If people notice you are friendly, you have a much higher chance of getting a ride from them!

4. Crossing Borders

If your journey includes crossing the border into another country, there are a few pointers you should know before trying to cross. Try to be prepared for all outcomes before even attempting to cross any border. Ask yourself these basic questions:

Do I need a visa for this country?
If so, does it cost anything?
Are there any special requirements?
Can I pay for my visa with US dollars or I have to pay with the local currency?
Can I walk across the border?

You may have better success walking across the border and hitching from the other side. Try to arrive early in the day to allow time for processing through customs and give yourself the best chance of finding a ride on the other side.

5. Staying Safe

Your safety should always come before anything else. There will be times when you have been tediously standing on the side of the road for hours waiting for a ride. This doesn’t mean you should jump in the first car that stops. By following some basic rules you will lessen the chances of something going wrong.

  • Take care with who you catch a ride from, especially if you are alone. If you feel uncomfortable before getting in the car simply decline the offer and say you are going in another direction
  • Keep a safe distance between the car and yourself and make eye contact as soon as possible with the driver
  • Be clear about your destination. Do not change it unless you fully trust the driver
  • Try to note the license plate, the model and the color of the car before to get the ride. If you have a cellphone, send this information to a friend
  • Sit in the front passenger seat whenever possible. Rear doors often have child locks which cannot be opened from the inside. If you must sit in the back, check the child lock is off before you close the door
  • Keep your bag with you, at the very least your most important items such as your passport, money or credit cards. If the situation deteriorates, do no hesitate to give your wallet
  • Know the driver. Talk with him. Learn some words in the local language to comment the scenery. Do not offend the driver
  • Choose safe roads. Don’t risk your life on dangerous roads where the traffic is fast and hazardous
  • If you have chosen a good spot, you should see the behavior of the driver. Avoid those that have a heavy foot
  • Carry something to defend yourself (like a small knife or pepper spray) in case of emergency. Bear in mind that your legs are your best asset to run away and seek help
  • Some travelers bring little gift for the driver. Postcard with words of gratitude is a good idea

For women, it is recommended to dress conservatively, avoid sitting next to men, make clear that you are in a relationship and tell the driver that somebody is waiting for you at the destination. Keep in your mind that all hitchhikers are exposed to risk. Do not hesitate to refuse a ride.

girl on side of road

6. Picking Up Hitchhikers

Picking up a perfect stranger, often dirty and unshaven, on the edge of the road may seem strange and even scary but the feeling you get from helping others is very fulfilling.

It is your choice

Remember that you are not a taxi and you have every right to refuse someone at any point. If you do decide to take a hitchhiker, first look at their luggage, is it possible to put it in your car? Next, try to make eye contact to gauge if they look friendly or not.

Safely exit traffic

If you are willing to offer a ride be sure to merge off the road carefully so as not to cause an accident. Advise them in advance of your intention to stop and calculate a good distance between the other motorists, the hitchhiker and you.

Ask some basic screening questions

Before allowing entry to your vehicle it is wise to have a quick conversation with the hitchhiker –  Where do they want to go? Where are they from? If they don’t pass your screening, simply decline politely and say that you are headed somewhere else.

In the car

At the start of the trip there will be a mix of emotions for both yourself and the hitchhiker. A combination of excitement, relief (for the hitchhiker) and caution.

Most hitchhikers will try to chat with you as soon as you hit the road. This is your chance to find out about one another. If they are not talking it’s good to initiate the conversation as they are likely just tired from all the waiting and walking.

It is a good idea to set some basic ground rules during your initial conversation. For example, do you allow food in the car? This will also help during those quiet times when neither party feels like chatting.

Dropping them off

To drop the hitchhiker, choose a spot at a gas station to let them go. It will be easier for them to catch another ride and you will continue your journey safely. At the end of the ride, you may have a new friend from the other side of the world.

Barefoot is not the best idea

Finally, a good question to ask yourself as a hitchhiker is:

7. Hitchhiking Facts & Figures

How Difficult is it?

Hitchhiking Difficulty

Where is it Legal to Hitchhike?

Hitchhiking legality

In Which Countries Do I Have to Pay?

Hitchhiking payments

8. Additional Resources

Talk about your next destination with others at your hostel. Watch the bulletin boards. Use social networks. Ways to share the road are plentiful and keep in mind that this is an environmentally friendly way to travel.

Backpack Seat Surfing
Road Sharing
Hitchhikers Handbook
Hitchwiki

Important Note

This article is for informational purposes only. Backpacker Travel does not endorse the act of hitchhiking nor take responsibility for any possible consequences arising from reading or following the information contained in this article.